Hate crimes and hate incidents

Hate crimes and hate incidents - what is the difference?

What is a hate crime?

HATE CRIME: A hate motivated crime is a criminal offense motivated or suspected to be motivated by hate based on race, national or ethnic origin, language, colour, religion, sex, age, mental or physical disability, sexual orientation or any other similar factor.

Here are several examples of hate crimes: 

A swastika is drawn on a shop in theWestIsland.

Through social media, an individual threatens to harm a muslim.

A black person is the victim of an assault and the assaillant speaks hatefully towards the person's race.


If you are a victim or witness of a hate crime (misdemeanor, graffiti, threat of harm, etc.)

You must contact 9-1-1


What is a hate incident?

HATE INCIDENT: A hate incident is a non criminal act that could affects the sense of safety of a person or an identifiable group of people and that, given the context, is perceived as such by reason of race, national or ethical origin, language, color, religion, sex, age, sexual orientation or an inability, especially. 

Here are several examples of hate incidents:

Distribution of offensive and insecure material towards the aboriginal community on the windshields of cars parked at a shopping center.

Insult or injury towards an itinerant person causing that person to leave.

Vexatious demonstration of body language towards a member of the gay community at a metro station causing the person to change their transportation habits.


How to report a hate incident?

The SPVM has an online form that enables you to report all hate incidents. To fill out a report, consult the section: FILL OUT A REPORT

After submitting your report, a temporary number will automatically be sent to you by email. All communication will be done electronically. Your report will be examined and, if any changes are required, a request for modification will be sent to you. Once the report is corrected and approved, you will receive an official incident number by email as well as a copy of the report in PDF. 

Please make sure that you have a valid email address as well as the date and the location of the incident.


Fill out report


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