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Traffic rules

When can a cyclist cross an intersection?


On a red light, a cyclist must stop and wait for the green before advancing.

Pedestrian signals are for pedestrians only. Cyclists must obey the traffic signals, like all other vehicles.


How should a cyclist make a left turn?


Like a pedestrian

  1. Cross the intersection on the green light.
  2. On the opposite corner, turn and get in position to ride in the new direction.
  3. Cross when the traffic light turns green.

Like a road vehicle

  1. Get in the left lane.
  2. Make the turn on the green light and move to the far right of the road.


Turning at an intersection: should drivers yield to cyclists who are going straight?


When turning at an intersection, drivers of motor vehicles must yield the right of way to cyclists who want to go straight through.  

Section 349 of the Highway Safety Code. 


At a red light: Can cyclists turn left?


When cyclists come to a red light, they must stop before the pedestrian crosswalk or the stop-line or, if none, at the near side of the roadway. They may not continue until they receive a signal to proceed. Section 359 of the Highway Safety Code. 

Cyclists must comply with the same rules of the road that bind motor vehicle drivers, except for the following restrictions:

  • They must always travel on the extreme right-hand side of the road.
  • They must ride in single file when in groups of two or more.

Principal rules applying to cyclists:

To act against these rules constitutes a violation

Entire amount of the fine and legal repercussions of the Highway Safety Code


  Red light

Unless otherwise indicated, when approaching a red light, cyclists must stop before the pedestrian crossing or the stop line; if there is none, they must stop in front of the lateral line on the road at the intersection. They can carry on as soon as the signal changes. 



3 demerit points

(Article 359)

  Obligatory stop

A bicycle rider approaching a STOP sign must stop and yield passage to any vehicle that is either turning into the intersection or close enough to present danger of collision.  



3 demerit points

 (Article 369)

 Yielding the right of way

A bicycle rider turning in an intersection must yield passage to other pedestrians and cyclists.  



2 demerit points

(Artilec 349)


 Riding with the flow of traffic and on the far right-hand side

Bicycle riders must ride on the far right-hand side of the road and with the flow of traffic, except if that passage is blocked or if they are turning left.   



(Article 487)

 Walkman (iPod) or ear-phones

Bicycle riders cannot listen to a walkman or wear ear-phones while riding. 



(Article 440)

 Riding on the sidewalk

A bicycle rider cannot ride on the sidewalk unless there is no other option or signs indicate otherwise. 



(Article 492.1)

 Riding between two lanes of vehicles

A cyclist cannot ride between two adjacent lanes of vehicles. 



(Article 478)

 Riding in single file

Bicycle riders that travel in groups of two or more must ride in single file. Groups may not consist of more than 15 cyclists.  



(Article 486)

  Compliance with signals

The driver of a bicycle must conform to any and all road signals. 



(Article 388)


All bicycles must have at least:

1 - a white reflector in front;

2 - a red reflector in back;

3 - a yellow reflector on each pedal;

4 - a reflector attached to the front wheel;

5 - a reflector attached to the rear wheel.  



(Article 232)

 Light at night

All bicycles must have at least one white headlight in front and one red light in the back. 



(Article 233)

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