25 years of 9-1-1
On December 1, the Communauté urbaine de Montréal (CUM) inaugurated the 9-1-1 Emergency Centre, which began receiving all emergency calls within the CUM territory, analysing them and transferring them to the appropriate responders.
The centre also handled all calls for the Communauté urbaine de Montréal police service (SPCUM).
On July 14, a torrential downpour struck Montréal. The rain followed a heat wave that had lasted several days. That afternoon, lines of storm clouds formed to the west of the city and moved toward Montréal, inundating the centre of the island with more than 100 millimetres of rain in just two hours.
The arrival of digital technology in CUM police cars allowed officers to receive complete call data.
In December of that same year, there was a serious tragedy in Montréal. Toward the end of the afternoon of December 6, 1989, calls began flooding into the 9-1-1 Emergency Centre to report a shooter inside the École Polytechnique.
On August 24, Concordia University was the target of another lone gunman. Professor Valery Fabrikant went to the ninth floor of the Henry F. Hall Building and fatally shot of his three colleagues. A fourth person was wounded and died a month later. A woman was also wounded in the incident, but survived.
On June 9, the Montréal Canadiens hockey team won the Stanley Cup against the Los Angeles Kings. The jubilant fans invaded downtown and a riot erupted, causing thousands of dollars of damage.
Following a decision by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC), Bell Canada began to work on the design and implementation of the 9-1-1 Public Emergency Reports System (9-1-1 PERS), a brand new system that would provide safer and more effective 9-1-1 services for Québec and Ontario.
In June of the same year, the funding formula for the 9-1-1 service was switched from tax bills to a monthly charge of $0.40 per phone line.
In November, for the first time in its history, the 9-1-1 staff had to evacuate headquarters when a fire broke out in a neighbouring building early in the evening. The heat from the inferno was so intense that the electronic equipment near the windows in the 9-1-1 building began to melt and smoke poured into the corridors.
The evacuation was carried out in two phases, with a first group of dispatchers leaving the building and heading to the backup centre in the cavalry headquarters on Mount Royal, to take calls from there. As soon as they were in position, the group who had remained behind left the building and headed for Mount Royal as well.
Despite the difficult circumstances, the operation went very smoothly.
The CUM Commission de la sécurité publique decided to review the mission of the 9-1-1 Emergency Centre, which included handling calls for the police service.
The Commission gave the SPCUM the mandate to process its own calls starting in fall 1997, making the police service an emergency responder like the others.
In February, Bell rolled out the PERS network.
On December 15, 9-1-1 stopped analysing and processing police calls and transferred all police call operations to the SPCUM.
From January 5 to 16, 1998, much of the province was paralysed by a major ice storm. At the 9-1-1 centre in Montréal, the dispatchers answered 72,690 calls, 80% more than in the same period in 1997.
Management’s post-event analysis led to the recommendation that a backup centre should be established. A year later the new backup centre was operational and ready to handle calls in the event of fire or equipment breakdown at the main centre.
Both call centres can operate in tandem, as was demonstrated on New Year’s Eve 2000, to double the centre’s answer capacity.
On April 1, the CUM officially opened the backup centre, to handle emergency calls in the event of a failure of the 9-1-1 Centre.
On the night of December 31, the 9-1-1 Emergency Centre, like all other municipal services, was on emergency standby in preparation for the infamous Y2K changeover.
After the municipal mergers, the SPCUM became the Service de police de la Ville de Montréal (SPVM).
On September 13, gunman Kimver Gill entered Dawson College and fired on the students in the building, fatally wounding Anastasia De Sousa. 9-1-1 received 609 calls in less than 90 minutes, an increase of 176% over normal.
On October 19, the 9-1-1 Emergency Centre and the SPVM’s call handling division merged their services again. 9-1-1 dispatchers now handle emergency calls to the SPVM.
In February, the geographic coordinates (longitude, latitude) of cell phone callers became available for 9-1-1 dispatchers.
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